• The operation of the EGHPP will contribute to the central energy system of Mongolia hence it will be independent from foreign countries.
  • Egiin Goliin Hydro power plant will be the 1st high capacity hydro power plant in Mongolia.
  • In 2015, total demand of electricity will exceed over supply.
  • Egiin Goliin hydro power plant is one of the highly possible variation which can replace import of electricity.
  • Central energy system of Mongolia imports annually $ 25 mln of electricity.
  • Egiin Goliin hydro power plant will guarantee the national security of electricity.
  • According to the geological study, the EGHPP geological condition of the dam foundation is found to be very agreeable.
  • In November 2013, the Government of Mongolia passed resolution to start the construction of Egiin Goliin hydro power plant.
  • Over the years total cost of the building power plant is increasing.
  • The EGHPP is located at the confluence of Egiin and Selenge river 2.5km upstream.
  • Construction of EGHPP will open opportunities of farming the water birds, fish and sable breeding.
  • To fill the reservoir with water during summer and to generate electricity during winter.
  • In the area of Egiin Goliin hydro power plant, annual precipitation is between 300 and 310 mm.
  • In the area of Egiin Goliin hydro power plant, average temperature in December is -40 C, in July and August are +25 C.
  • An ice phenomena of EGHPP, will be at its highest in December will reach 1.5m.
  • In the area of Egiin Goliin hydro power plant, mean wind speed is 2.3 m/sec, humidity level is 72%.
  • Since 1977, Mongolia paid $311 mln which equals to 451 bln of tugrugs on electricity imported from Russian Federation.
  • Start up minutes of hydro power plant is 2-5 minutes in contrast to Thermal power plant 2-4 hours.
  • Central energy system’s daily load during the winter is 776-800 MW.
  • The EGHPP generated energy will be connected to the CES via 2 circuits double conductors with capacity of 220 kV.
  • The main criteria for meeting the environmental objective are avoided of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and the specific carbon offset of the project is determined in terms of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions avoided per GWh over the lifetime of the project and thus EGHPP reduces 709 thousand ton of CO2 annually.
  • By 2022,EGHPP is to produce 581 million kWh annually at minimum and the annual electricity generation is to vary between 581 to 2662 million kWh.
  • By the April 2014 investigative study discovered 218 artifacts at the hydropower plant DAM SITE (910м), and 24 artifacts at the infrastructure route.
  • 242 artifacts are planned to be excavated and preserved in 2014-2015.
  • 423 species of plants grow at the Egiin Goliin DAM SITE.
  • Hydropower costs less than most energy sources.
  • Renewable Energy creates three-times more jobs than fossil fuels.
  • In 1878 the world's first hydroelectric power scheme was developed at Cragside in Northumberland, England by William George Armstrong.
  • Hydropower today provides about 20 % of the world's electricity and is the main energy source for more than 30 countries.
  • Hydropower facilities can quickly go from zero power to maximum output, making them ideal for meeting sudden changes in demand for electricity.
  • Hydropower can also be used for water supply, flood control, irrigation and even recreation purposes.
  • The financial status of the hydroelectric industry is generally healthy due to long equipment life and low maintenance and operating costs.
  • Egiin Goliin hydropower plant is estimated to cover the investment in 20-25 years of time with its sales income.
  • Thermal power plants in UB city burns 3.5 million tons of raw coal, pollutes the air with 4 tons of coal, 4.5 million cubic meters of gas and 6kg emissions of sulfur gas.
  • The Eg river is Mongolia's third largest river, and at the proposed dam site has a catchment area of about 40,000 km².
  • Due to Mongolian country characteristics and situation, the value of 315 MW installed capacity has been selected.
  • There are 21 types of fish at the Eg river.
  • The new bridge that will be built across River Selenge will be a steel concrete bridge.
  • Turbines and generators are expected to be replaced after 32 years of operation.
  • Peak demand of the Mongolian energy system reached 948 MW, exceeding both installed and feasible generation capacity and the reason for increased imports of electricity
  • Electricity is imported from Russia to the Central Region Integrated System via Selendum sub-station Russia and Darkhan sub-station Mongolia.
Date: 2015-04-23


Way back in 1999, before he became China's prime Minister, Wen Jiabao warned that water scarcity posed one of the greatest threats to the "survival of the nation". Sixteen years later, that threat looms ever larger, casting a forbidding shadow over China's energy and food security and demanding urgent solutions with significant regional, and even global, consequences. The mounting pressure on China's scarce, unequally distributed and often highly polluted water supply was highlighted in a report released at the World Water Forum this week in Daegu, South Korea. Published by the Hong Kong-based NGO, China Water Risk (CWR), it underlined the complexity of the challenge facing China as it seeks to juggle inextricably linked and often competing concerns over water, energy supply and climate change. "There are no one-size-fits-all solutions to China's water-energy-climate nexus," the report said. "More importantly, China's energy choices do not only impact global climate change, but affect water availability for Asia," it said, warning of the danger of future "water wars" given China's upstream control over Asia's mightiest rivers.


The Qinghai-Tibetan plateau is essentially the world's largest water tank and the origin of some of Asia's most extensive river systems including the Indus, Brahmaputra and Mekong. The most significant link in the nexus the report describes is the fact that 93 percent of China's power generation is water-reliant. "Chinese officials are starting to say water security comes first," the report's author Debra Tan told AFP in Daegu. "Because without it, there is no energy security and, of course, no food security."


- Kung Pao potato - Agriculture accounts for between 65 and 70 percent of China's water use and vast amounts are wasted by inefficient irrigation. This is especially true in northern regions that, despite being some of the most arid in the country, are the production focus for water-hungry crops like corn and wheat. "They even grow corn in Inner Mongolia, which is incredibly dry," said Li Lifeng, director of the WWF International Freshwater Programme. "I recently talked to a farmer there who had been growing corn for just three years," Li said in Daegu. "His well started off three metres (10 feet) deep, but now it already goes down 50 metres."


Efforts to change the crop mix have included a recent campaign to promote the harvesting of potatoes, which require far less water. Given the traditional taste preference for rice and wheat, the state broadcaster CCTV has tried to prod things along by publishing recipes on its Weibo account, including one for Kung Pao potato. Northern China's thirst for water -- the coal industry is centred there as well -- extends to its rapidly growing and increasingly affluent urban populations. The need to meet the rising demand from these cities resulted in one of the world's most ambitious engineering projects, with an overall estimated cost of more than $80 billion.


The central phase of the massive South-North Diversion Project opened in December, as water began flowing to Beijing through more than 1,200 kilometres (745 miles) of channels and pipes -- the distance from London to Madrid. But experts stress that China cannot simply engineer its way out of its water crisis with headline mega-projects that will never be big enough to keep pace with increasing demand. - 'Good water after bad' - A study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal in January warned that large-scale water transfers would actually exacerbate problems in the long-run. "China needs to shift its focus to water demand management instead of a supply-oriented approach," said the study's co-author, Dabo Guan, a professor at the University of East Anglia. "The current transfer programme is pouring good water after bad: the problems of water-stressed regions aren't being alleviated and the provinces sharing their water are suffering greatly," Guan said. Years of declining rainfall in southern China means, it now regularly sees droughts of its own. China is in fact implementing an extremely ambitious water management strategy, albeit one that risks being undermined by inter-departmental rivalries, corruption and incentives that favour economic development over sustainable resource use. In 2011, it issued its "three red lines" policy establishing strict limits on water quantity usage, efficiency and quality, while this year a new Environment Law came into force with harsh fines for polluters. State media reported last year that 60 percent of China's groundwater and more than half its major freshwater lakes were polluted. "Before, there wasn't much of a stick for punishing wastage and polluting," said CWR's Tan. "Now there are strict standards and a very big stick." Having experimented with charging urban residents for water in order to encourage conservation, the government is reportedly set to roll out a tiered pricing system for residential users in all cities and some towns nationwide later this year.


Source: Giles Hewitt (2015/04/17)


    910 M A.S.L
    5.7 BILLION m3
    154.3 KM2
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